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Vasili III of Russia (1479-1533)

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Vasili III Gavriil Ivanovich of Russia (Russian: Василий III Иванович), Grand Prince of Moscow, was born 25 March 1479 to Ivan III of Russia (1440-1505) and Zoe Palaiologina (c1448-1503) and died 3 December 1533 in Moscow of unspecified causes. He married Solomonia Yuryevna Saburova (c1490-1542) 1506 JL . He married Elena Vasilievna Glinskaya (1506-1538) 1526 JL . Notable ancestors include Charlemagne (747-814), Alfred the Great (849-899), William I of England (1027-1087), Hugh Capet (c940-996), Rurik (c832-879). Ancestors are from Russia, France, the United Kingdom, Germany, Belgium, Belarus, Ukraine, Byzantium, the Netherlands, the Byzantine Empire, Italy, Hungary.

Vasili III Ivanovich (Russian: Василий III Иванович) (25 March 1479 – 3 December 1533, Moscow) was the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1505 to 1533. He was the son of Ivan III Vasiliyevich and Sophia Paleologue and was christened with the name Gavriil (Гавриил). He had four brothers; Yuri, born in 1480, Dmitri, born in 1481, Simeon, born in 1487 and Andrei, born in 1490, as well as five sisters: Elena (born and died in 1474), Feodosiya (born and died in 1475), another Elena (born 1476),Evdokiyia (born circa 1483) another Feodosiya (born 1485) and .[1]

Foreign affairs

Vasili III continued the policies of his father Ivan III and spent most of his reign consolidating Ivan's gains. Vasili annexed the last surviving autonomous provinces: Pskov in 1510, appanage of Volokolamsk in 1513, principalities of Ryazan in 1521 and Novgorod-Seversky in 1522.

Vasili also took advantage of the difficult position of Sigismund of Poland to capture Smolensk, the great eastern fortress of Lithuania (siege started 1512, ended in 1514), chiefly through the aid of the rebel Lithuanian, Prince Mikhail Glinsky, who provided him with artillery and engineers. The loss of Smolensk was an important injury inflicted by Russia on Lithuania in the course of the Russo-Lithuanian Wars and only the exigencies of Sigismund compelled him to acquiesce in its surrender (1522).

Equally successful were Vasili's actions against the Crimean Khanate. Although in 1519 he was obliged to buy off the khan of the Crimea, Mehmed I Giray, under the very walls of Moscow, towards the end of his reign he established Russian influence on the Volga. In 1531-32 he placed the pretender Cangali khan on the throne of Kazan.

Domestic affairs

Kolomen00

The Church of Ascension was built by Basil III to commemorate the birth of his heir.

In his internal policy, Vasili III enjoyed the support of the Church in his struggle with the feudal opposition. In 1521, metropolitan Varlaam was banished for refusing to participate in Vasili's fight against an appanage prince Vasili Ivanovich Shemyachich. Rurikid princes Vasili Shuisky and Ivan Vorotynsky were also sent into exile. The diplomat and statesman, Ivan Bersen-Beklemishev, was executed in 1525 for criticizing Vasili's policies. Maximus the Greek (publicist), Vassian Patrikeyev (statesman) and others were sentenced for the same reason in 1525 and 1531. During the reign of Vasili III, the gentry's landownership increased; authorities were actively trying to limit immunities and privileges of boyars and nobility.

Family life

By 1526 when he was 47 years old, Vasili had been married to Solomonia Saburova for over 20 years with no heir to his throne being produced. Conscious of her husband's disappointment, Solomonia tried to remedy this by consulting sorcerers and going on pilgrimages. When this proved unsuccessful, Vasili consulted the boyars, announcing that he did not trust his two brothers to handle Russia's affairs. The boyars suggested that he take a new wife, and despite much opposition from the clergy, he divorced his barren wife and married Princess Elena Glinskaya, the daughter Serbian princess Anna Jakšić and niece of his friend Mikhail Glinsky. Not many of the boyars approved of his choice, as Elena was of Catholic upringing. Vasili was so smitten that he defied Russian social norms and trimmed his beard to appear younger. After three days of matrimonial festivity, the couple consummated their marriage, only to discover that Elena appeared to be just as sterile as Solomonia. The Russian populace began suspect this to be a sign of God's disapproval of the marriage. However, to the great joy of Vasili and the populace, the new tsaritsa gave birth to a son, who succeeded him as Ivan IV. Three years later, a second son, Yuri was born.[1] According to a story, Solomonia Saburova also bore a son in the convent where she had been confined, just several months after the controversial divorce.



Children


Offspring of Vasili III of Russia and Elena Vasilievna Glinskaya (1506-1538)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Ivan IV of Russia (1530-1584) <year not a number> Kolomenskoye 28 March 1584 Moscow
Yuri Vasilyevich of Uglich (1532-1563) <year not a number> Moscow, Russia <year not a number> Moscow, Russia Ulyana Dmitrievna of Palekh (c1533-1569)

Death

Whilst out hunting on horseback near Volokolamsk, Vasili felt a great pain in his right hip, the result of an abscess. He was transported to the village of Kolp, where he was visited by two German doctors who were unable to stop the infection with conventional remedies. Believing that his time was short, Vasili requested to be returned to Moscow, where he was kept in the Saint Joseph Cathedral along the way. By 25 November 1533, Vasili reached Moscow and asked to be made a monk before dying. Taking on the name Varlaam, Vasili died at midnight, 4 December 1533.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c (French)Troyat, Henri (1993). Ivan le terrible. ISBN 2080644734. 
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ivan III
Grand Prince of Moscow
1505–1533
Succeeded by
Ivan IV
Russian royaltyWp globe tiny
Preceded by
Dmitri Ivanovich
Heir to the Russian Throne
1502–1505
Succeeded by
Yuri

Template:Lists of Russians




Namesakes of Vasili III of Russia (1479-1533)

 Birth placeDeath placeFatherMotherJoined with
Vasili II Vasilievich of Moscow (1415-1462)Moscow, RussiaVasili I Dmitrievich of Moscow (1371-1425)Sophia of Lithuania (1371-1453)Maria Yaroslavna of Borovsk (c1418-1485)
Vasili III of Russia (1479-1533)MoscowIvan III of Russia (1440-1505)Zoe Palaiologina (c1448-1503)Solomonia Yuryevna Saburova (c1490-1542) + Elena Vasilievna Glinskaya (1506-1538)
Vasili I Dmitrievich of Moscow (1371-1425)Moscow, RussiaMoscow, RussiaDmitri Donskoy (1350-1389)Evdokia Dmitriyevna (c1350-1407)Sophia of Lithuania (1371-1453)
Vasili Andreyevich of Mologa (c1405-aft1574)RussiaRussiaAndrei Borisovich of Mologa (c1465-c1530)
Vasili Borisovich of Shumorovo (c1430-c1470)Yaroslavl Oblast, RussiaYaroslavl Oblast, RussiaBoris Glebovich of Shumorovo (c1395-c1450)
Vasili Davidovich of Yaroslavl (1311-1345)Yaroslavl, Yaroslavl Oblast, RussiaYaroslavl, Yaroslavl Oblast, RussiaDavid Fyodorovich of Yaroslavl (c1285-1321)Nomen nescioEvdokia Ivanovna of Moscow (1324-1342)
Vasili Ivanovich (1562-1562)Ivan IV of Russia (1530-1584)Maria Temryukovna Cherkasskaya (c1545-1569)
Vasili Mikhailovich of Vereya and Belozero (-1501)Belozero, RussiaLithuaniaMikhail Andreyevich of Mozhaisk (bef1432-1486)Elena Yaroslavna of Borovsk (?-1484)Maria Palaiologina (?-?)
Vasili Vasilyevich of Yaroslavl (c1339-c1380)Yaroslavl, Yaroslavl Oblast, RussiaYaroslavl, Yaroslavl Oblast, RussiaVasili Davidovich of Yaroslavl (1311-1345)Evdokia Ivanovna of Moscow (1324-1342)Unknown Yuryevna of Smolensk
Vasili Vladimirovich of Uglich (1394-1427)Peremyshl, Kaluga Oblast, RussiaRussiaVladimir Andreyevich of Serpukhov (1353-1410)Elena of Lithuania (?-1438)Ulyana Mikhailovna (?-a1446)
Vasili Vsevolodovich of Yaroslavl (bef1229-1249)Yaroslavl, Yaroslavl Oblast, RussiaVladimir, Vladimir Oblast, RussiaVsevolod Konstantinovich of Yaroslavl (1210-1238)Maria Mikhailovna of Rostov (c1210-c1271)Ksenia
Vasili Yaroslavich of Borovsk (1426-1483)RussiaRussiaYaroslav Vladimirovich of Maloyaroslavets (1389-1426)Maria Fyodorovna Koshkina-Goltyayeva (?-aft1456)Maria Ivanovna + Unknown
Vasili Fyodorovich of Mologa (c1408-c1460)Mologa, Yaroslavl Oblast, RussiaMologa, Yaroslavl Oblast, RussiaFyodor Mikhailovich of Mologa (c1340-1408)




Sources and notes

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