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|Venango County, Pennsylvania|
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 12, 1800|
683 sq mi (1,769 km²)
8 sq mi (21 km²), 1.17%
85/sq mi (33/km²)
Venango County was created on March 12, 1800 from parts of Allegheny and Lycoming Counties. The origination of the name "Venago" comes from as it was known to Native Americans of the region as Onenge, meaning Otter. This was corrupted into English as the Venango River. The settlement at its mouth was likewise called Venango, and is the site of present-day Franklin.
George Bissell, a Yale University Chemistry professor, and Edwin L. Drake, a former railroad conductor, made the first successful use of a drilling rig on August 28, 1859 at Titusville. This single well soon exceeded the entire cumulative oil output of Europe since the 1650s. The principal product of the oil was kerosene.
McClintocksville was a small community in Cornplanter Township in Venango County. In 1861, it was the location of Wamsutta Oil Refinery, the first business venture of Henry Huttleston Rogers, who became a leading United States capitalist, businessman, industrialist, financier, and philanthropist. Rogers and his young wife Abbie Palmer Gifford Rogers lived in a one room shack there along Oil Creek for several years beginning in 1862.
Shortly later, Rogers met oil pioneer Charles Pratt who purchased the entire output of the tiny Wamsutta Oil Refinery. In 1867, Rogers joined Pratt in forming Charles Pratt and Company, which was purchased by Standard Oil in 1874. Rogers became one of the key men in John D. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Trust.
After joining Standard Oil, Rogers invested heavily in various industries, including copper, steel, mining, and railways. The Virginian Railway is widely considered his final life's achievement. Rogers amassed a great fortune, estimated at over $100 million, and became one of the wealthiest men in the United States. He was also a generous philanthropist, providing many public works for his hometown of Fairhaven and financially assisting helping such notables as Mark Twain, Helen Keller, and Dr. Booker T. Washington.
Perhaps in one of history's ironies, another resident of Venango County about the same time as Henry and Abbie Rogers was a little girl named Ida M. Tarbell, whose father was an independent producer whose small business was ruined by the South Improvement Company scheme of 1871 and the conglomerate which became Standard Oil. Introduced to each other in 1902 by their mutual friend Mark Twain, Tarbell who had become an investigative journalist and Rogers, who knew of her work, shared meetings and information over a two year period which led to her epoch work, The History of the Standard Oil Company, published in 1904, which many historians feel helped fuel public sentiment against the giant company and helped lead to the court-ordered break-up of it in 1911.
The oil heritage of Venanago County is remembered by a Pennsylvania State Park and many heritage sites which help tell the story and memorialize the people of the oil boom of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
- Crawford County (north)
- Warren County (north)
- Forest County (northeast)
- Clarion County (east)
- Butler County (south)
- Mercer County (west)
Significant Topographic featuresEdit
French Creek is formed near French Creek and extends for a length of 117 miles (188 km) with a drainage area of 1,270 square miles (3,289 km²). It joins the Allegheny River near Franklin. The watershed area includes parts of Erie, Crawford, Venango, and Mercer Counties in Pennsylvania as well as Chautauqua County.
As of the census² of 2000, there were 57,565 people, 22,747 households, and 15,922 families residing in the county. The population density was 33/km² (85/sq mi). There were 26,904 housing units at an average density of 15/km² (40/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 97.64% White, 1.09% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 0.52% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 22,747 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.80% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, and 16.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.
In the 2004 United States presidential election, voters registered in Venango County cast 9,024 (38.1%) ballots for Kerry, 14,472 (61.2%) for Bush, and 163 (0.7%) for "other".
Law And GovernmentEdit
Pennsylvania State SenateEdit
Pennsylvania House of RepresentativesEdit
United States House of RepresentativesEdit
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Venango County:
Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.
Industry and commerceEdit
Pennzoil and Quaker State left the Venango area for Texas. After leaving the area they merged and stopped refining oil. The now concentrate on retail oil and automotive additives produced for them by other companies. The two companies now (2007) only exist as brand names after the conmpany disappeared because of successive mergers. Other major employers are Government (at all levels) and Walmart.
Public school districtsEdit
- Cranberry Area School District
- Franklin Area School District
- Oil City Area School District
- Titusville Area School District
- Valley Grove School District
These public school districts are only partially in Venango County:
Colleges and universitiesEdit
- Clarion University, Venango Campus
- Dubois Business College
- Penn State University Venango County Co-Op Extension
Sports and recreationEdit
Pennsylvania State Parks and ForestsEdit
Attractions and TourismEdit
- Orrin Dubbs Bleakley
- John Wilkes Booth
- William Holmes Crosby
- Hildegarde Dolson
- Frank Evans
- Gabby Gabreski
- Leon H. Gavin
- Alexander Hays
- Johnny Appleseed
- Kathryn Kuhlman
- Ted Marchibroda
- Jesse L. Reno
- Henry H. Rogers
- Peter Moore Speer
- Ida M. Tarbell
- John Wesley Van Dyke
- ^ Donehoo, George (1995). "French Creek". Indian Villages and Place Names in Pennsylvania. Gateway Press. http://www.crawfordcopa.com/history/FrenchCk.html. Retrieved 24-Jan-2007.
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Venango County, Pennsylvania. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|