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Vladimir Oblast

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Vladimir Oblast
Владимирская область
The "White House" - Headquarters of the Governmental Administration

Flag

Coat of arms of Vladimir Oblast
Country Russia
Oblast Vladimir Oblast
Federal District Central
Economic Region Central
Administrative center Vladimir
Government
 • Type Legislature
 • Body =Oblast Duma
 • Governor Nikolai Vinogradov
Area
 • City 29,000 km2 (11,000 sq mi)
Area rank 66th
Population (2010)
 • Rank 31st
 • Urban 77.6%
 • Rural 22.4%
ISO 3166 code RU-VLA
Vehicle registration 33
Website http://www.avo.ru

Vladimir Oblast (Russian: Влади́мирская о́бласть, Vladimirskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Vladimir, which is located 190 kilometres (120 mi) east of Moscow. The 12th-century cathedrals of Vladimir, Suzdal, Bogolyubovo, and Kideksha are inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

GeographyEdit

Vladimir Oblast borders Moscow, Yaroslavl, Ivanovo, Ryazan, and Nizhny Novgorod Oblasts.

The relief, geological structure and mineral resources Edit

The territory is located in the heart of the East European Plain , the main part of the territory - slightly hilly plain with a general lowering of the Klin-Dmitrov Ridge (altitude to 271 m) to the north, through Vladimir (Yuryevo) Opole (height 236 m), then south to Meshcherskaya lowlands (average altitude 120 m) and east across the Oka-Tsninsky shaft (up to 184 m) and Gorokhovets spur (upper point - 191 m) to Balakhna lowland (90 m) and the mouth of the Klyazma (67 m).

Mineral resourcesEdit

The main mineral resources of the region are limestone, peat, construction sand and stone, refractory and brick clays. Reserves of peat in the amount of 59 million tons, most of them lies within Meshcherskaya lowlands. Total deposits of limestone are 30 million tons and are located in the Oka-Tsninskogo shaft, where their thickness reaches 130 meters (Kovrov, Vyaznikovsky, Sudogodskoye, Selivanovsky areas).

Quartz sand - clean, small, almost no impurities of clay particles of glacial origin are federal significance, in large numbers occur in the southern region (Gus-Crystal and Melenkovsky areas). Sands used for the production of glass and crystal . Also in the area there are phosphates , iron ore , there are small deposits of gypsum , fluxing materials and metallurgical dolomite local significance.

In the region there are natural sources of mineral waters.

Climate Edit

The climate of the area is temperate continental with warm summers and moderately cold winters and pronounced the transitional seasons. The duration of the period with average temperature below 0 ° C - 137 days, the mean annual temperature 5 ° C (standard deviation of 12 ° C), the average January temperature of -11 ° C in the north-west region to -12 ° C in the southeast, in July about +18 ° C. The average annual rainfall of 550-600 mm, the maximum precipitation occurs in summer. In winter, forming a stable snowpack, the average thickness of snow cover of 40 mm (the average is 144 days). Vegetation period is 160-180 days.

Water resources Edit

The overall surface cover by water in the oblast is 32.9 thousand ha.

The main rivers of the area are the Klyazma and Oka. The oblast has 560 large and small rivers with a total length of more than 8,6 thousand km. The Klyazma flows into the Oka River in the south-eastern outskirts of the border with the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. The biggest tributaries of the Klyazma are Shearn (with the influx of Molokcha ) Kirzhach (with its tributaries Large and Small Kirzhach ) Peksha , Koloksha , Nerl , Sudogda , Uvod , Luh , Suvorosch, and the tributaries of the Oka are Gus, Unzha and Ushna. The Dubna River, a tributary of the Volga originates near Aleksandrov. The Oka River is navigable on the entire reach crossing the Oblast (157 km). Generally the rivers have wide valleys and meandering channel. The hydrologicr regime of rivers is characterized by high spring and low summer-autumn discharges water with individual floods during heavy rains.

There are about 300 lakes with total area of five thousand hectares. Most of them are small, closed lakes, and many are overgrown with peat layer. Origin of the lakes is different. Numerous lakes, oxbow lakes scattered along river valleys. The largest of them - Urvanovskoe (12 km long) and Vishal (length about 10 km). In Meshcherskaya lowlands and the north-west of the lake there are ancient alluvial valleys: Isihry , Holy, etc. The lakes of karst origin, located in the lower reaches of the Klyazma and center Vyazniki County (north-east region), are strongly mineralized water and connected with an underground watercourses. The largest and deepest of them - Lake Kschara . In the District of Aleksandrov and Yuriev Polish district meet glacial lakes of small size.

The main arrays swamps of the region (their total area is 37.4 thousand hectares) occur in Meshcherskaya and Balakhna (north-east region) lowlands.

Administrative divisionsEdit

The oblast includes 16 rayons (districts) and 5 urban okrugs (circles).

Vladimir oblast numbered
Administrative divisions (raions) of Vladimir Oblast
AfilAdded by Afil

Urban Okrugs (Circles)

Coat of Arms Name of
Urban okrug
Area
(km²)
Population
(2010).
Population
Rank
I Coat of Arms of Vladimir (1781) Vladimir 308,0 340 188 1
II Coat of Arms of Gus-Khrustalny (Vladimir oblast) Gus-Khrustalny 43,0 63 432 4
III Coat of Arms of Kovrov (Vladimir oblast) Kovrov 57,4 148 355 2
IV Coat of Arms of Murom (Vladimir oblast) (1781) Мurom 43,8 116 991 3
V Coat of Arms of Raduzhny (Vladimir oblast) Raduzhny (ZATO) 113,2 17 899 5


Rayons (Districts)

Coat of Arms Name of rayon Area
(km²)
Area
rank
Population
'000 (2010)
Population
rank
Аdministrative
center
Population
'000 (2010)
1 Coat of Arms of Alexandrovskii rayon Аleksandrov Rayon 1 834 6 114 613 1 Aleksandrov 62 713
2 Coat of Arms of Vyazniki (Vladimir oblast) (1781) Vyazniki Rayon 2 252 3 81 011 2 Vyazniki 40 479
3 Coat of Arms of Gorochovecky rayon Gorokhovets Rayon 1 487 10 22 696 15 Gorokhovets 13 099
4 Coat of Arms of Gus-Khrustalny (Vladimir oblast) Gus-Khrustalny Rayon 4 370 1 44 032 7 Gus-Khrustalny
5 Coat of Arms of Kameshkovsky rayon Kameshkovo Rayon 1 090 15 31 797 12 Kameshkovo 13 494
6 Coat of Arms of Kirzhachsky rayon (Vladimirskaya oblast) Kirzhach Rayon 1 135 14 40 042 9 Kirzhach 29639
7 Coat of Arms of Kovrov (Vladimir oblast) Kovrov Rayon 1 817 7 29 659 13 Kovrov
8 Coat of Arms of Kolchugino (Vladimir oblast) Кolchugino Rayon 1 148 13 55 534 5 Kolchugino 45 379
9 Coat of Arms of Melenki (Vladimir oblast) (1781) Мeleniki Rayon 2 221 4 36 945 11 Melenki 15 097
10 Coat of Arms of Murom (Vladimir oblast) (1781) Murom Rayon 1 050 16 24 683 14 Murom
11 Coats of arms of Petushinsky district (Vladimir Region) Petushki Rayon 1 692 8 63 279 3 Petushki 14 523
12 Coats of arms of Selivanovsky district (Vladimir Region) Selivanovo Rayon 1 388 12 18 863 16 Krasnaya Gorbatka 8 478
13 Coat of Arms of Sobinsky rayon Sobinka Rayon 1 524 9 57 854 4 Sobinka 19 328
14 Coat of Arms of Sudogda (Vladimir oblast) (1781) Sudogda Rayon 2 300 2 40 747 8 Sudogda 12 035
15 Coat of Arms of Suzdalsky rayon Suzdal Rayon 1 479 11 44 236 6 Suzdal 10 875
16 Coat of Arms of Yuriev-Polsky (Vladimir oblast) Yuryev-Polsky Rayon 1 910 5 37 228 10 Yuryev-Polsky 19 444

DemographicsEdit

  • Births (2008 ): 15,699 (10.9 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2008 ): 27,230 (18.9 per 1000) [1]

ReferencesEdit

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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Vladimir Oblast. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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