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- Parts of this article have been translated from the Dutch version of this page
|— Municipality —|
|• Total||62.50 km2 (24.13 sq mi)|
|• Land||50.85 km2 (19.63 sq mi)|
|• Water||11.65 km2 (4.50 sq mi)|
|Population (1 January, 2007)|
|• Density||504/km2 (1,310/sq mi)|
|Source: CBS, Statline.|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Wassenaar pronunciation (help·info) (population: 25,651 as of June 1, 2007) is a town in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. A fairly affluent suburb of The Hague, Wassenaar lies 10 km (6 mi) north of that city on the N44 highway near the North Sea coast. The municipality covers an area of 62.50 km², of which 11.65 km² is covered by water. Inhabitants of Wassenaar are called Wassenaarders.
It is known that a 12th century Romanesque church in Wassenaar lies on the spot where the Northumbrian missionary Willibrord once landed in the Netherlands; the high dunes to the west were not formed until later.
Wassenaar long remained an unremarkable little town, known only as the home of the House of Wassenaer. It only began to gain notoriety in the 19th century when Louis Bonaparte ordered the construction of the Heerweg ("Lord Road") between The Hague and Leiden, which forms the current Rijksstraatweg. In approximately 1840, Prince Frederik had the De Paauw palace built, where he lived for many years; it now serves as the city hall of Wassenaar.
With the laying in 1907 of the railway between The Hague and Scheveningen, the course of which now forms the Landscheidingsweg, Wassenaar began to become a popular place for wealthier residents of The Hague to live.
Wassenaar today Edit
Wassenaar is, as it has been since the days of Prince Frederik, an official residence: Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange, his wife Princess Máxima of the Netherlands and their daughters Princess Amalia, Princess Alexia and Princess Ariane, live in the villa Eikenhorst at the estate De Horsten in Wassenaar; Princess Alexia was baptized at the Romanesque church in Wassenaar.
In addition, several ambassadorial residences are located here, including those of Canada and South Korea. In general, there is a large expatriate community of diplomats and business people in Wassenaar, largely due to its proximity to both the international organisations and embassies in The Hague and to several international schools, including the American School of the Hague and the British School in the Netherlands. The Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study (NIAS) is also based in Wassenaar; each year, it provides research time, space and support for foreign and Dutch scholars.
As a community, Wassenaar benefits from several parks and a network of bicycle paths. Trees, mainly beech, oak and horse chestnut, are widespread, giving the town a provincial characteristic. The town centre supports a number of high end shops, delicatessens and bakeries as well as a cafe, bar and restaurant.
Some remnants of the Atlantic wall are located on Wassenaar's beach, the Wassenaarseslag; nearly a thousand meters of underground walled tunnels are present, connecting five bunkers. The network now serves as a bat sanctuary and is open to visits in the summer. The theme park Duinrell and the race track Duindigt, the only remaining grass race track in the Netherlands, are here as well.
Wassenaar has always enjoyed good relations with the neighboring town of Voorschoten, with which it has shared a history from time immemorial. The House of Wassenaer, for example, historically resided in the Kasteel Duivenvoorde in Voorschoten.
Notable people from Wassenaar Edit
- Theo van Gogh (1957–2004), filmmaker, director, and columnist
- Thom Hoffman (b. 1957), actor and photographer
- Nico van der Voet (b. 1944), water polo player
- Konrad Bartelski (b. 1954), skier, lived in Wassenaar for a number of years
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Wassenaar. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|