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Wassenaar

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Main Births etc
Parts of this article have been translated from the Dutch version of this page
Wassenaar
—  Municipality  —
Wassenaar2.jpg
Het Plein, the historical town square in Wassenaar, featuring the Dorpskerk
Wassenaar flag.gif
Flag
Coat of arms of Wassenaar.svg
Coat of arms
LocatieWassenaar.png
Coordinates: 52°09′N 4°23′E / 52.15, 4.38Coordinates: 52°09′N 4°23′E / 52.15, 4.38
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
Area(2006)
 • Total 62.50 km2 (24.13 sq mi)
 • Land 50.85 km2 (19.63 sq mi)
 • Water 11.65 km2 (4.50 sq mi)
Population (1 January, 2007)
 • Total 25,651
 • Density 504/km2 (1,310/sq mi)
  Source: CBS, Statline.
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website www.wassenaar.nl

Wassenaar Loudspeaker pronunciation  (population: 25,651 as of June 1, 2007) is a town in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. A fairly affluent suburb of The Hague, Wassenaar lies 10 km (6 mi) north of that city on the N44 highway near the North Sea coast. The municipality covers an area of 62.50 km², of which 11.65 km² is covered by water. Inhabitants of Wassenaar are called Wassenaarders.

History Edit

It is known that a 12th century Romanesque church in Wassenaar lies on the spot where the Northumbrian missionary Willibrord once landed in the Netherlands; the high dunes to the west were not formed until later.

Wassenaar long remained an unremarkable little town, known only as the home of the House of Wassenaer. It only began to gain notoriety in the 19th century when Louis Bonaparte ordered the construction of the Heerweg ("Lord Road") between The Hague and Leiden, which forms the current Rijksstraatweg. In approximately 1840, Prince Frederik had the De Paauw palace built, where he lived for many years; it now serves as the city hall of Wassenaar.

With the laying in 1907 of the railway between The Hague and Scheveningen, the course of which now forms the Landscheidingsweg, Wassenaar began to become a popular place for wealthier residents of The Hague to live.

The American World War II and Korean War general Haywood Hansell, who helped plan the Allied bombing offensive against both Germany and Japan, lived in Wassenaar in retirement from 1957 to 1966.

The Wassenaar Arrangement, a Post-Cold War era arms control convention, was signed here by forty member nations in May 1996.

Wassenaar today Edit

Wassenaar is, as it has been since the days of Prince Frederik, an official residence: Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange, his wife Princess Máxima of the Netherlands and their daughters Princess Amalia, Princess Alexia and Princess Ariane, live in the villa Eikenhorst at the estate De Horsten in Wassenaar; Princess Alexia was baptized at the Romanesque church in Wassenaar.

Wassenaar1

De Langstraat, the main shopping street in Wassenaar

In addition, several ambassadorial residences are located here, including those of Canada and South Korea. In general, there is a large expatriate community of diplomats and business people in Wassenaar, largely due to its proximity to both the international organisations and embassies in The Hague and to several international schools, including the American School of the Hague and the British School in the Netherlands. The Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study (NIAS) is also based in Wassenaar; each year, it provides research time, space and support for foreign and Dutch scholars.

As a community, Wassenaar benefits from several parks and a network of bicycle paths. Trees, mainly beech, oak and horse chestnut, are widespread, giving the town a provincial characteristic. The town centre supports a number of high end shops, delicatessens and bakeries as well as a cafe, bar and restaurant.

Some remnants of the Atlantic wall are located on Wassenaar's beach, the Wassenaarseslag; nearly a thousand meters of underground walled tunnels are present, connecting five bunkers. The network now serves as a bat sanctuary and is open to visits in the summer. The theme park Duinrell and the race track Duindigt, the only remaining grass race track in the Netherlands, are here as well.

Wassenaar has always enjoyed good relations with the neighboring town of Voorschoten, with which it has shared a history from time immemorial. The House of Wassenaer, for example, historically resided in the Kasteel Duivenvoorde in Voorschoten.

Notable people from Wassenaar Edit

External linksEdit

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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Wassenaar. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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