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White County, Georgia
White County Courthouse Museum, Cleveland GA April 2017
White County Courthouse Museum in Cleveland
White County ga seal
Seal
Map of Georgia highlighting White County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of USA GA
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1857
Seat Cleveland
Largest city Cleveland
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

242 sq mi (627 km²)
241 sq mi (624 km²)
1.5 sq mi (4 km²), 0.6%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

27,144
113/sq mi (44/km²)
Congressional district 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.whitecounty.net

White County is a county located in the northeast corner of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,144.[1] The county seat is Cleveland.[2] The county was created on December 22, 1857 from part of Habersham County and named for Newton County Representative David T. White, who helped a Habersham representative successfully attain passage of an act creating the new county.

GeographyEdit

Unicoi State Park lake, October 2014 1

Unicoi State Park

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 242 square miles (630 km2), of which 241 square miles (620 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (0.6%) is water.[3]

The highest point in White County is 4,430-foot (1,350 m) Tray Mountain, shared with Towns County to the north. Tray is the 6th-highest mountain peak in Georgia. Another very prominent White County peak is Yonah Mountain, also known as Mount Yonah. This 3,143-foot (958 m) peak, located between Helen and Cleveland, is rimmed by sheer cliffs and is the highest point on Georgia's Piedmont Plateau.

All of White County is located in the Upper Chattahoochee River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin).[4]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

Protected areasEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 3,315
1870 4,606 38.9%
1880 5,341 16.0%
1890 6,151 15.2%
1900 5,912 −3.9%
1910 5,110 −13.6%
1920 6,105 19.5%
1930 6,056 −0.8%
1940 6,417 6.0%
1950 5,951 −7.3%
1960 6,935 16.5%
1970 7,742 11.6%
1980 10,120 30.7%
1990 13,006 28.5%
2000 19,944 53.3%
2010 27,144 36.1%
Est. 2016 28,884 [5] 44.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 19,944 people, 7,731 households, and 5,782 families residing in the county. The population density was 83 people per square mile (32/km²). There were 9,454 housing units at an average density of 39 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.16% White, 2.17% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. 1.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,731 households out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.70% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.20% were non-families. 21.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.20% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,084, and the median income for a family was $40,704. Males had a median income of $29,907 versus $22,168 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,193. About 8.40% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 15.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 27,144 people, 10,646 households, and 7,750 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 112.8 inhabitants per square mile (43.6 /km2). There were 16,062 housing units at an average density of 66.7 per square mile (25.8 /km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 95.1% white, 1.7% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.5% American Indian, 0.8% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.4% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 16.0% were English, 14.9% were American, 14.5% were Irish, and 10.8% were German.[13]

Of the 10,646 households, 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.2% were non-families, and 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 42.3 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,756 and the median income for a family was $50,981. Males had a median income of $40,265 versus $31,061 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,680. About 16.9% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.4% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.[14]

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

Other unincorporated communitiesEdit

PoliticsEdit

Previous Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 81.9% 9,761 14.1% 1,674 4.0% 477
2012 82.2% 8,651 15.9% 1,671 1.9% 201
2008 78.4% 8,467 20.1% 2,174 1.5% 158
2004 77.9% 7,403 21.2% 2,016 0.9% 85
2000 69.0% 4,857 28.6% 2,014 2.4% 172
1996 54.6% 2,959 34.4% 1,864 11.0% 597
1992 47.4% 2,477 33.6% 1,756 19.1% 996
1988 71.7% 2,648 27.8% 1,028 0.5% 20
1984 68.5% 2,369 31.5% 1,090
1980 35.8% 1,175 61.4% 2,017 2.9% 95
1976 22.7% 625 77.3% 2,125
1972 81.8% 1,537 18.2% 343
1968 32.4% 762 18.5% 436 49.1% 1,157
1964 35.6% 840 64.3% 1,520 0.1% 3
1960 27.1% 662 72.9% 1,784
1956 29.9% 469 70.1% 1,099
1952 19.9% 282 80.2% 1,139
1948 11.4% 72 78.9% 497 9.7% 61
1944 18.5% 161 81.2% 706 0.2% 2
1940 12.8% 111 87.2% 754
1936 21.2% 161 78.8% 599
1932 5.4% 53 94.5% 936 0.2% 2
1928 67.5% 568 32.5% 274
1924 24.3% 158 73.2% 476 2.5% 16
1920 55.8% 264 44.2% 209
1916 23.7% 200 75.6% 639 0.7% 6
1912 40.3% 110 55.7% 152 4.0% 11

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/13311.html. Retrieved February 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. Retrieved 2015-11-17. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/data/tables.2016.html. Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved June 27, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved June 27, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. Retrieved June 27, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Retrieved June 27, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US13311. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US13311. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US13311. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US13311. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 34°41′N 83°45′W / 34.683, -83.75


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at White County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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