William Throop or Scrope was born 1628 in London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom to Adrian Scrope (1601-1660) and Mary Waller (1605-1660) and died December 1704 in Bristol, Bristol County, Rhode Island, United States of unspecified causes. He married Mary Chapman (1643-1704) 4 May 1666 in Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States. Notable ancestors include Henry II of England (1133-1189), William I of England (1027-1087), Charlemagne (747-814), Hugh Capet (c940-996), Rurik (c832-879), Alfred the Great (849-899). Ancestors are from the United Kingdom, France, Germany, England, Russia, Ukraine, Belgium, Spain, Portugal, Israel, the Netherlands, Ireland, Hungary, Belarus, Italy, Turkey, the Byzantine Empire, Sweden, the United States.

Deacon William Throop (1628-1704)

Early Puritan New England Immigrant and Deacon in the Church and original settler of Bristol RI. 1660s English Civil War refugee who changed his surname from Scrope to Throop.

Vital Stats

  • Son of Adrian Scrope (1601-1660) and Mary Waller (1599-1660)
  • 1628 : Birth in Newgale, London, England
  • 1666-May-04 : Marriage to Mary Chapman (1643-1704) at Barnstable, MA, daughter of Ralph Chapman who arrived in Plymouth Colony in 1635 on the Elizabeth.
  • 1680 : Settlement of Bristol RI
  • 1683 : Surveyor of highways
  • 1689 : Selectman
  • 1690 : Grand-juryman
  • 1691 : Representative
  • 1697-Jun-21 : Purchase of home, barn, shop and lands in Bristol RI
  • 1704-Dec : Died in Bristol, Bristol Co, Rhode Island Colony


Settlement of Bristol

William was grand-juryman at Barnstable in 1680 and became of one of the original settlers at Bristol RI in that year. Bristol was originally part of Massachusetts Bay Colony.

Will of William Throope

Recorded in Bristol County, Mass, Records of Probate, Vol 2, pages 125-126, dated 12-Jun-1704 (about 5 months before his death).

"In the name and fear of God, Amen. I, William Throope, in Ye County of Bristol, yeoman, in the sixty-seventh year of my age and being under some indisposition of body, " etc.

There are bequests to three sons, Dan, John and William, two eldest daughters, Mary, wife of John Barney, and Elizabeth, wife of Jonathan Peck, "youngest son Thomas," "two younger daughters Mercy and Lidiah," "loving and well-beloved wife Mary Throope sole executrix." He mentions "the remaining service of two Indian boys which may be unexpired at my decease."

The will was marked signed 12 June 1704, but the heirs state in a petition to the Probate Court that the foregoing instrument was drawn abut five months before their father's death, and that although it was never signed, they are satisfied that it expresses the will of their father and they join in asking that it be admitted. This was signed by the heirs and widow and John Barney, Jonathan Peck, and Eleazer Carey, 1 January 1704, same records.

Scrope Family Tradition

In an old family record of a daughter of Rev. Benjamin Throope (Yale 1734), it is stated that he was the seventh child of Capt. William Throope, the third son of William Throope, whose father, "Lord Scroope of Scotland", in "one of the Scotch Rebellions" fled to America and assumed the name of William Throope.

Col. Adrian Scrope, (the title "Lord" was a title of courtesy to Republican officials of the commonwealth of the time) fought in the Parliamentary Army and was Governor of Bristol Castle in 1659. He served on the High Court of Justice that condemned King Charles I and signed his death-warrant. He was also commissioner of Scotland with General Monk in 1657, and sheriff of Lightow and Sterling until the Restoration.

Adrian was executed in 1660 for unrepentant regicide and was excepted out of the Act of Indemnity. By 1666 his son was refugee living in Barnstable, Massachusetts under the assumed name of William Throope. William signed two different deeds in Hartford, Conn. in 1665 and 1667 that makes evidence of this. It is believed that William Throope was born in London as Adrian Scrope, the third son of Col Adrian Scrope.

More evidence of this is found in the coat-of-arms assumed by the Throopes of a naked arm grasping a coiled serpent. The oldest son of William Throope was named Dan (in Hebrew Judge). This vividly calls the imagery from the prophecy of Jacob in Genesis XLIX, v 16-19, that describes Dan shall judge the people as the way of a coiled serpent. This family of devout puritans were well-versed in biblical scripture and could have used this as a cipher of their family history. Also about this time, Col Scrope had started that practice of signing his name with two "oo"s instead of one.

Family Life

Marriage #1: Elizabeth Cooke

There is much discussion over the parentage of William. One faction claims he was the son of the Regicide Adrian Scroope while the other (the most likely) gives William Throope, York England, d. aft. 1669, m. 9 Jun 1636 Isabell Redshaw bur. 22 Jun 1658 as his parents. He was reported to have m. 7 Feb 1664/5 Elizabeth Cooke bur. 26 Jul 1669. This marriage took place before he left for America.

Marriage #2: Mary Chapman

m2. Mary Chapman (b. 28/31 Oct 1643 in Marshfield, Plymouth, MA d. 6 Jun 1732 in Bristol, RI, dau. of Ralph Chapman and Lydia Willis) on May 16, 1666 in Barnstable, MA. Both are buried in the East Burial Ground, Bristol, RI.  While many of the children were born in Barnstable MA - many moved to Bristol RI and raised their families there.

William and Mary's Children:

Watch date of 1680 - when William Throop and all his clan relocated to settle Bristol, RI. 

  1. Mary Throope (1667-1758) - m. John Barney
  2. Daniel Throope (1667-1737) - m. Deborah Macey
  3. Elizabeth Throope (1672-1729) - m. (1) Jonathon Peck in 1695 and (2) William Peabody in 1715 at Bristol RI.
  4. Martha Throope (1674-1756) - m. Samuel Hart
  5. John Throope (1676-1772) - m. Susanna Tracy
  6. Capt William Throope (1678-1737) - m. Martha Colyn
  7. Mercy Throope (1680-1704) - living unmarried in 1704, mentioned in the will
  8. Thomas Throope (1681-1756) - m. Abigail Ware
  9. Lydia Throope (1686-1761) (or Lidiah) - m. Eleazer Carey, living and unmarried in 1704, mentioned in the will.


Offspring of William Throop or Scrope and Mary Chapman (1643-1704)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Mary Throope (1667-1758) 6 April 1667 Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts 17 August 1742 Bristol, Bristol County, Rhode Island John Barney (1665-1728)
John Andrews (1639-1742)

Daniel Throope (1667-1737) 1670 Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States 9 December 1737 Lebanon, New London County, Connecticut, United States Deborah Macey (1676-1706)

Elizabeth Throope (1672-1729) 3 March 1672 Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts 14 June 1729 Bristol, Bristol County, Rhode Island Jonathan Peck (1666-1717)
William Pabodie (1664-1744)

Martha Throope (1674-1756) 1674 Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts 1756 Samuel Hart (1674-1735)

John Throope (1676-1772) 1676 Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts 25 January 1772 Bristol, Bristol County, Rhode Island Rebecca Smith (1680-1731)

William Throope (1678-1737) 1678 Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States 3 February 1737 Lebanon, New London County, Connecticut, United States Martha Colyn (1678-1737)

Mercy Throope (1680-1704)
Thomas Throope (1681-1756) 4 September 1681 Bristol, Bristol County, Rhode Island 8 September 1756 Bristol, Bristol County, Rhode Island Abigail Ware (1677-1740)
Zipporah Billings (1685-1767)

Lydia Throope (1686-1761) 15 July 1686 Bristol, Bristol County, Rhode Island 12 June 1761 Windham, Windham County, Connecticut Eleazer Cary (1678-1754)


Offspring of Col. Adrian Scrope and Mary Waller (1605-1660)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Edmond Scrope (1626-1658)
Robert Scrope (1628-)
Thomas Scrope (1630-1658)
Margaret Scrope (1632-)
Ann Scrope (1634-)
William Throop (1628-1704) 1628 London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom December 1704 Bristol, Bristol County, Rhode Island, United States Mary Chapman (1643-1704)


Footnotes (including sources)