Fandom

Familypedia

Winthrop Fleet

225,009pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share
Winthrop2017a

Arrival of the Winthrop Colony, by William F. Halsall

The Winthrop Fleet of 1630 (an early part of the Great Migration) was the largest fleet ever assembled to carry Englishmen overseas to a new homeland. It was a well planned and financed expedition comprising eleven ships that carried 700 immigrants from England to the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The group, led by Governor John Winthrop, sailed from April to July of 1630. The fleet landed at Salem. Of the 700 on board, 200 died during the voyage, and 100 returned to England soon after arrival. Some of the 400 remaining settlers stayed in Salem, but many moved on to Boston, Watertown, or other settlements.


The Winthrop Fleet was a group of 11 ships led by John Winthrop which carried about 1,000 Puritans plus livestock and provisions from England to New England over the summer of 1630, during the period of the Great Migration. Most notable group of Immigrant Ships of New England.

MotivationEdit

The Puritan population in England had been growing for several years leading up to this time. The Puritans disagreed with the practices of the Church of England, whose rituals they viewed as superstitions. An associated political movement attempted over many years to modify religious practice in England to conform to their views. King James I wished to suppress this growing rebellious movement. Nevertheless, the Puritans eventually gained a majority in Parliament. James' son Charles came into direct conflict with Parliament, and viewed them as a threat to his authority. He temporarily dissolved parliament in 1626, and again the next year, before dissolving parliament permanently in March 1629.[1] The King's imposition of Personal Rule gave many Puritans a sense of hopelessness regarding their future in that country, and many prepared to leave it permanently for life in New England.

Motivated by these political events, a wealthy group of leaders obtained a Royal Charter in March 1629 for a colony at Massachusetts Bay.[2]

A fleet of five ships had departed a month previously for New England that included approximately 300 colonists, led by Francis Higginson.[3] However, the colony leaders and the bulk of the colonists remained in England for the time being, to plan more thoroughly for the success of the new colony. Later that year, the group who remained in England elected John Winthrop to be Governor of the Fleet and the Colony. Over the ensuing winter, the leaders recruited a large group of Puritan families, representing all manner of skilled labor, to ensure a robust colony.

VoyageEdit

The initial group (Arbella and her three escorts)[4] departed Yarmouth, Isle of Wight on April 8,[5] the remainder following in two or three weeks.

Seven hundred men, women, and children were distributed among the ships of the fleet.[6] The voyage itself was rather uneventful, the direction and speed of the wind being the main topic in Winthrop's journal, as it affected how much progress was made each day. There were a few days of severe weather, and every day was cold. The children were cold and bored, and there is a description of a game played with a rope that helped with both problems. Many were sick during the voyage.

The Winthrop Fleet was a well-planned and financed expedition that formed the nucleus of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. However they were not the first settlers of the area. There was an existing settlement at Salem, started in about 1626, populated by a few hundred Puritans, most of whom had arrived in 1629, and who were governed by John Endicott. Winthrop superseded Endicott as Governor of the Colony upon his arrival in 1630.[notes 1]

The flow of Puritans to New England continued for another ten years, during a period known as the Great Migration.

ShipsEdit

Winthrop's journal lists the eleven ships that were in his fleet:

  • Arbella: The flagship, designated 'Admiral' in the consortship; named for Lady Arbella, wife of Isaac Johnson (see below).
  • Talbot: Designated 'Vice Admiral'. Henry Winthrop, John Winthrop's son and first husband of Elizabeth Fones, sailed on this ship.[7]
  • Ambrose: Designated 'Rear Admiral'.
  • Jewel: Designated a 'Captain'.
  • Mayflower (a different ship to the Mayflower of the Pilgrims)
  • Whale
  • Success
  • Charles
  • William and Francis
  • Hopewell
  • Trial

Six other ships arrived at Massachusetts Bay in 1630, for a total of seventeen ships that year.[8]

  • Only the fleet leader ships: Arbella, Talbot, Ambrose, Jewel, plus Mayflower, Whale, and Success carried passengers. The others were used to transport freight and livestock.

Notable passengersEdit

See also Winthrop Fleet Passenger List for complete list of passengers.

Nine leading men both applied for the charter for the Massachusetts Bay Colony and came to New England in Winthrop's Fleet.[9]

Other passengers of historical significance include (in alphabetical order):

A complete list of passengers is maintained by The Winthrop Society,[11] a hereditary organization of descendants of the Winthrop Fleet and later Great Migration ships that arrived before 1634.


Winthrop's journalEdit

Anno domini 1630: march 29: mundaye.
Easter mundaye. Rydinge at the Cowes near the Ile of wight in the Arbella...
  — opening line of John Winthrop's famous journal of the vessels:
  • Charles
  • Mayflower
  • William and Francis
  • Hopewell
  • Whale
  • Success
  • Trial

See alsoEdit

Winthrop Fleet surnames Edit

(These need to be in incorporated into the page for the specific ship they came on. Otherwise, leave them here?)

ReferencesEdit

reprinted Genealogical Publishing Co.: Baltimore, MD: 1961, etc.; ISBN 0-8063-0020-5

  • CURTIN, Dave; The Winthrop Fleet of 1630; http://members.aol.com/dcurtin1/gene/winthrop.htm
  • DUNN, Richard S.; SAVAGE, James; YEANDLE, Laetitia (eds.); The Journal of John Winthrop, 1630-1649; Harvard University Press; Cambridge, MA: 1996; ISBN 0-674-48425-8
  • Talbot
  • Seely History by Montell Seely and Kathryn Seely (Community Press, 1988)


External linksEdit


1630 Winthrop Fleet Edit

Winthrop2017a

Arrival of the Winthrop Colony, by William F. Halsall

He was a passenger on the in the Winthrop Fleet in 1630, part of The Great Migration. It was the largest fleet ever assembled to carry Englishmen overseas to a new homeland. It was a well planned and financed expedition comprising eleven ships that carried 700 immigrants from England to the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The group, led by Governor John Winthrop, sailed from April to July of 1630. The fleet landed at Salem. Of the 700 on board, 200 died during the voyage, and 100 returned to England soon after arrival. Some of the 400 remaining settlers stayed in Salem, but many moved on to Boston, Watertown, or other settlements.



This page is a "stub" and could be improved by additions and other edits.


This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors). Smallwikipedialogo

Cite error: <ref> tags exist, but no <references/> tag was found
Cite error: <ref> tags exist for a group named "notes", but no corresponding <references group="notes"/> tag was found.

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.