YOUD is an English surname mostly found in Cheshire and Flintshire.
The earliest record dates from 1427 and in 1562 the name appears in Little Budworth in Cheshire.
Origin of the nameEdit
Currently little is known about the meaning or origin of this unusual and rare surname, it is not listed in any books of British surnames.
This has led to theories of Huguenot, Flemish or Jewish roots which cannot be substantiated.
Viking roots are a more likely possibility as the Wirral peninsula was colonised by Norwegian Vikings from 902 AD onwards and Viking settlements also existed further inland in West Cheshire.
It is hoped that DNA profiling from suitable Youd descendants will prove or disprove this theory.
The earliest document located so far that mentions Youd or one of its variants are muster rolls of English soldiers serving in France during the Hundred Years' War.
1430 - William Yoold, archer stationed in Avranches garrison
1437 - Davy Yoult, archer in field at the siege of Tancarville
The next early records are Parish registers listing baptisms, marriages and burials according to the law of 1538. However most churches only started to keep records a few decades later.
1561 - Parish records start in Little Budworth
1562 - Katrena, daughter of Thomas Yolde & Johanne Holbrocke is baptised in St Peter's Church, Little Budworth
1585 - Parish records start in Hawarden
1586 - Edward, son of John Ewde is baptised in St Deiniol's Church, Hawarden
The surname then spread to nearby towns and villages in West Cheshire and Flintshire, becoming relatively numerous in Frodsham, Hawarden, Oscroft, Kinnerton, Chester and eventually established in Liverpool from about 1740.
Over 40 variants of the surname were recorded in the 16th and 17th century, some examples are: Yewd, Yeud, Yeoud, Yowd, Yeowed, Yowood, Eude, Eaude, Ewd, Hude, Hewde etc.
Today only Youd, Youde, Eaude and Yould are in use.
Distribution of the nameEdit
670 people named Youd lived in England & Wales in 2002, together with 227 Youde, 104 Yould and 11 Eaude, according to figures from the Office for National Statistics.
The Youd surname has now spread to many parts of the British Isles and through emigration also to USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Key emigrants of interest to family historians are:
James Youd (born 1815 Oscroft) 1849 to Utah & California
Samuel Youd (born 1808 Oscroft) 1851 to Missouri
Thomas Youd (born 1813 Tarvin ) 1851 to Utah
John Youd (born 1838 Bradley) 1865 to Connecticut
Robert Moreton Youd (born 1846 Bradley) 1880 to New Zealand
George Youd (born 1855 Bradley) 1880 to New Zealand
Frederick Youd (born 1883 Liverpool) 1905 to Massachusetts
Fred Youd (born 1883 Waverton) 1908 to Chicago
John Youd (born 1879 Disley) aft 1911 to Vancouver
Earl Youd (born 1889 Waverton) 1913 to Chicago
John (Jack) Youd (born 1879 Wybunbury) bef 1914 to Australia
Reginald Victor Youd (born 1897 Liverpool) 1939 to USA
People with surname YoudEdit
- Sam Youd (1922-2012), British science fiction writer, best known by his pseudonym John Christopher,
- T. Leslie Youd (1939-), American geotechnical engineer
- Yehouda Morin Youd (1950-), Israeli Artist-painter of Sderot Israël, best known for his #blanodo,
- YOUD of Cheshire & YOUDS of Wirral 
- The Soldier in Later Medieval England 
- Surnames of England & Wales in 2002, ONS data 
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